Socket preservation is needed upon the removal of a damaged tooth, which can also lead to an impaired socket. Often when a tooth has experienced damage or disease, the removal of the tooth is required. In some cases, the socket, or the area in the bone which contains the root, is infected as well. This can result in a deformity in the jaw bone and cheeks.
There are several procedures which can assist in socket preservation. In the most common method, the tooth is removed and the socket is filled with bone. It is then sealed with gum tissue, or a synthetic material, to promote the natural healing process. The socket heals and fills the collapse seen from the tissue degeneration. The socket is then primed for a dental implant. This procedure is done with the help of local anesthetics with little to no discomfort to the patient. As with many dental treatments, slight bleeding, swelling, and redness at the site is common, though these will recede after a few days.
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